Indication for GARDASIL 9

GARDASIL 9 is a vaccine indicated in females 9 through 45 years of age for the prevention of cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) Types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58; precancerous or dysplastic lesions caused by HPV Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58; and genital warts caused by HPV Types 6 and 11.

GARDASIL 9 is indicated in males 9 through 45 years of age for the prevention of anal cancer caused by HPV Types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58; precancerous or dysplastic lesions caused by HPV Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58; and genital warts caused by HPV Types 6 and 11.

GARDASIL®9 (Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant) does not eliminate the necessity for womengirls to continue to undergo recommended cervical cancer screening later in life. Recipients of GARDASIL 9 should not discontinue anal cancer screening if it has been recommended by a health care professional.

GARDASIL 9 has not been demonstrated to provide protection against diseases from vaccine HPV types to which a person has previously been exposed through sexual activity.

GARDASIL 9 is not a treatment for external genital lesions; cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers; or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VaIN), or anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN).

Not all vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers are caused by HPV, and GARDASIL 9 protects only against those vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers caused by HPV Types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58.

Vaccination with GARDASIL 9 may not result in protection in all vaccine recipients.

Select Safety Information for GARDASIL®9 9 (Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant)

GARDASIL 9 is contraindicated in individuals with hypersensitivity, including severe allergic reactions to yeast, or after a previous dose of GARDASIL 9 or GARDASIL® [Human Papillomavirus Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant].

Because vaccinees may develop syncope, sometimes resulting in falling with injury, observation for 15 minutes after administration is recommended. Syncope, sometimes associated with tonic-clonic movements and other seizure-like activity, has been reported following HPV vaccination. When syncope is associated with tonic-clonic movements, the activity is usually transient and typically responds to restoring cerebral perfusion.

Safety and effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 have not been established in pregnant women.

The most common (≥10%) local and systemic adverse reactions in females were injection-site pain, swelling, erythema, and headache. The most common (≥10%) local and systemic reactions in males were injection-site pain, swelling, and erythema.

The duration of immunity of GARDASIL 9 has not been established.

There was an increase in injection-site swelling reported at the injection site for GARDASIL 9 when administered concomitantly with Menactra and Adacel. The majority of injection-site swelling adverse experiences were reported as being mild to moderate in intensity.


Dosage and Administration for GARDASIL 9

GARDASIL 9 should be administered intramuscularly in the deltoid region of the upper arm or in the higher anterolateral area of the thigh.

  • For individuals 9 through 14 years of age, GARDASIL 9 can be administered using a 2-dose or 3-dose schedule. For the 2-dose schedule, the second dose should be administered 6–12 months after the first dose. If the second dose is administered less than 5 months after the first dose, a third dose should be given at least 4 months after the second dose. For the 3-dose schedule, GARDASIL 9 should be administered at 0, 2 months, and 6 months.
  • For individuals 15 through 45 years of age, GARDASIL 9 is administered using a 3-dose schedule at 0, 2 months, and 6 months.

Before administering GARDASIL®9 (Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant), please read the Prescribing Information. The Patient Information also is available.

1. National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID). Call to action: HPV vaccination as a public health priority. http://www.nfid.org/publications/cta/hpv-call-to-action.pdf. Published August 2014. Accessed March 25, 2017.
2. de Sanjose S, Quint WGV, Alemany L, et al. Human papillomavirus genotype attribution in invasive cervical cancer: a retrospective cross-sectional worldwide study. Lancet Oncol. 2010;11(11):1048–1056.
3. de Sanjose S, Alemany L, Ordi J, et al. Worldwide human papillomavirus genotype attribution in over 2000 cases of intraepithelial and invasive lesions of the vulva. Eur J Cancer. 2013;49(16):3450–3461.
4. Alemany L, Saunier M, Tinoco L, et al. Large contribution of human papillomavirus in vaginal neoplastic lesions: a worldwide study in 597 samples. Eur J Cancer. 2014;50(16):2846–2854.
5. Alemany L, Saunier M, Alvarado-Cabrero I, et al. Human papillomavirus DNA prevalence and type distribution in anal carcinomas worldwide. Int J Cancer. 2015;136(1):98–107.
6. Joura EA, Ault KA, Bosch FX, et al. Attribution of 12 high-risk human papillomavirus genotypes to infection and cervical disease. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014;23(10):1997–2008.
7. Garland SM, Steben M, Sings HL, et al. Natural history of genital warts: analysis of the placebo arm of 2 randomised phase III trials of a quadrivalent human papillomavirus (types 6, 11, 16, and 18) vaccine. J Infect Dis. 2009;199(6):805–814.
8. Guan P, Howell-Jones R, Li N, et al. Human papillomavirus types in 115,789 HPV-positive women: a meta-analysis from cervical infection to cancer. Int J Cancer. 2012;131(10):2349–2359.
9. Data available on request from Merck Professional Services-DAP, WP1-27, PO Box 4, West Point, PA 19486-0004. Please specify information package VACC-1196399-0000.
10. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Storage and handling. In: Hamborsky J, Kroger A, Wolf C, eds. Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. 13th ed. Washington, DC: Public Health Foundation; 2015:63–77.
11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Vaccine administration. In: Hamborsky J, Kroger A, Wolf C, eds. Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. 13th ed. Washington, DC: Public Health Foundation; 2015:79–106.
12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). National, regional, state, and selected local area vaccination coverage among adolescents aged 13–17 years—United States, 2014. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/
preview/mmwrhtml/mm6429a3.htm. Accessed June 22, 2017.
13. Schuchat A. Recommending HPV vaccine successfully. http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/810030. Published September 3, 2013. Accessed May 1, 2017.
14. Petrosky E, Bocchini JA Jr, Hariri S, et al. Use of 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine: updated HPV vaccination recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015;64(11):300–304.
15. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Recommended immunization schedule for children and adolescents aged 18 years or younger—United States, 2017. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/
downloads/child/0-18yrs-child-combined-schedule.pdf. Published January 1, 2017. Accessed May 8, 2017.
16. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Human papillomavirus vaccination: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Recomm Rep. 2014;63(RR-5):1–30.
17. Finer LB, Philbin JM. Sexual initiation, contraceptive use, and pregnancy among young adolescents. Pediatrics. 2013;131(5):1–6.
18. Data available on request from Merck Professional Services-DAP, WP1-27, PO Box 4, West Point, PA 19486-0004. Please specify information package VACC-1244939-0000.
19. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Use of a 2-dose schedule for human papillomavirus vaccination—updated recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016;65(49):1405–1408.
20. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Human papillomavirus. In: Hamborsky J, Kroger A, Wolfe C, eds. Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. 13th ed. Washington DC: Public Health Foundation; 2015: 175–186.
21. American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). Strong recommendation to vaccinate against HPV is key to boosting uptake. http://www.aafp.org/news/health-of-the-public/20140212hpv-vaccltr.html. Published February 12, 2014. Accessed May 7, 2017.
22. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Surveillance of Vaccination Coverage Among Adult Populations—United States, 2015. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/ss/ss6611a1.htm. Updated June 21, 2017. Accessed January 21, 2018.
23. McQuillan G, Kruszon-Moran D. Prevalence of HPV in Adults Aged 18–69: United States, 2011–2014. NCHS Data Brief. 2017;280:1–7.
24. Rahman S, Pierce Campbell CM, Rolisson DE, et al. Seroprevalence and associated factors of 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) types among men in the multinational HIM study. PLOS ONE. 2016(11):1–16.
25. Bahmanyar ER, Paavonen J, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for cervical HPV infection and abnormalities in young adult women at enrolment in the multinational PATRICIA trial. Gynecologic Oncology. 2012;(127):440–450.
26. American Cancer Society (ACS). American Cancer Society Recommendations for Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine Use. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/infectious-agents/hpv/acs-recommendations-for-hpv-vaccine-use.html. Revised July 19, 2016. Accessed February 14, 2018.
27. National Center for Health Statistics.1993. Section 1. In: Vital Statistics of the United States, 1989, Volume I – Natality. Public Health Service, Washington. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1–370.
28. Barnard M, George P, Perryman ML, et al. Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine knowledge, attitudes, and uptake in college students: implications from the precaution adoption process model. PLOS ONE. 2017;12(8):1–9.
29. Rosenthal SL, Weiss TW, Zimet GD, et al. Predictors of HPV vaccine uptake among women aged 19–26: importance of a physician's recommendation. Vaccine. 2011;29(5):890–895.
30. Yanofsky VR, Patel RV, Goldenberg G. Genital warts: a comprehensive review. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2012;5(6):25–36.
31. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The Link Between HPV and Cancer. https://www.cdc.gov/hpv/parents/cancer.html. Updated December 16, 2016. Accessed February 14, 2018.
32. American Cancer Society (ACS). Cancer Facts & Figures 2018. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society; 2018.
33. Chesson HW, Ekwueme DU, Saraiya M. Estimates of the annual direct medical costs of the prevention and treatment of disease associated with human papillomavirus in the United States. Vaccine. 2012;42(30):6016–6019.

CDC Recommendations

CDC'S ACIP recommends HPV vaccination for both males and females14

Routine

CDC recommends routine HPV vaccination at age 11 or 12 years.
Vaccination can be given starting at 9 years.

Catch-up

    For patients who have not been vaccinated previously,
    CDC recommends vaccination for

  • females 13–26
  • males 13–21

Males aged 22–26 may also be vaccinated.

AAP, AAFP, and ACOG support the ACIP routine recommendation to vaccinate 11- and 12-year-old males and females.15

CDC=Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

AAFP=American Academy of Family Physicians.

AAP=American Academy of Pediatrics.

ACIP=Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices.

ACOG=American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Indication for GARDASIL 9

GARDASIL 9 is a vaccine indicated in females 9 through 45 years of age for the prevention of cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) Types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58; precancerous or dysplastic lesions caused by HPV Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58; and genital warts caused by HPV Types 6 and 11.

GARDASIL 9 is indicated in males 9 through 45 years of age for the prevention of anal cancer caused by HPV Types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58; precancerous or dysplastic lesions caused by HPV Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58; and genital warts caused by HPV Types 6 and 11.

GARDASIL®9 (Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant) does not eliminate the necessity for womengirls to continue to undergo recommended cervical cancer screening later in life. Recipients of GARDASIL 9 should not discontinue anal cancer screening if it has been recommended by a health care professional.

GARDASIL 9 has not been demonstrated to provide protection against diseases from vaccine HPV types to which a person has previously been exposed through sexual activity.

GARDASIL 9 is not a treatment for external genital lesions; cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers; or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VaIN), or anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN).

Not all vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers are caused by HPV, and GARDASIL 9 protects only against those vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers caused by HPV Types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58.

Vaccination with GARDASIL 9 may not result in protection in all vaccine recipients.

Select Safety Information for GARDASIL®9 9 (Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant)

GARDASIL 9 is contraindicated in individuals with hypersensitivity, including severe allergic reactions to yeast, or after a previous dose of GARDASIL 9 or GARDASIL® [Human Papillomavirus Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant].

Because vaccinees may develop syncope, sometimes resulting in falling with injury, observation for 15 minutes after administration is recommended. Syncope, sometimes associated with tonic-clonic movements and other seizure-like activity, has been reported following HPV vaccination. When syncope is associated with tonic-clonic movements, the activity is usually transient and typically responds to restoring cerebral perfusion.

Safety and effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 have not been established in pregnant women.

The most common (≥10%) local and systemic adverse reactions in females were injection-site pain, swelling, erythema, and headache. The most common (≥10%) local and systemic reactions in males were injection-site pain, swelling, and erythema.

The duration of immunity of GARDASIL 9 has not been established.

There was an increase in injection-site swelling reported at the injection site for GARDASIL 9 when administered concomitantly with Menactra and Adacel. The majority of injection-site swelling adverse experiences were reported as being mild to moderate in intensity.


Dosage and Administration for GARDASIL 9

GARDASIL 9 should be administered intramuscularly in the deltoid region of the upper arm or in the higher anterolateral area of the thigh.

  • For individuals 9 through 14 years of age, GARDASIL 9 can be administered using a 2-dose or 3-dose schedule. For the 2-dose schedule, the second dose should be administered 6–12 months after the first dose. If the second dose is administered less than 5 months after the first dose, a third dose should be given at least 4 months after the second dose. For the 3-dose schedule, GARDASIL 9 should be administered at 0, 2 months, and 6 months.
  • For individuals 15 through 45 years of age, GARDASIL 9 is administered using a 3-dose schedule at 0, 2 months, and 6 months.

Before administering GARDASIL®9 (Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant), please read the Prescribing Information. The Patient Information also is available.

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