M-M-R®II vaccine: helping to
generations of children
mumps, and rubella
|Seroconversion rates are high after the first dose in clinical trials (N=284)a|
aClinical studies of 284 triple-seronegative children 11 months to 7 years of age demonstrated that M-M-R®II is highly immunogenic and generally well-tolerated. In these studies, a single injection of the vaccine induced measles hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) antibodies in 95%, mumps neutralizing antibodies in 96%, and rubella HI antibodies in 99% of susceptible persons. However, a small percentage (1%-5%) of vaccinees may fail to seroconvert after the primary dose.
Indications and Usage for M-M-R®II
- M-M-R®II (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Virus Vaccine Live) is a vaccine indicated for active immunization for the prevention of measles, mumps, and rubella in individuals 12 months of age or older.
- The first dose of M-M-R®II is administered at 12 to 15 months of age and the second dose of M-M-R®II is administered at 4 to 6 years of age.
- M-M-R®II (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Virus Vaccine Live) is contraindicated in certain individuals, including those with: a history of hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccine, including gelatin; a history of anaphylactic reaction to neomycin; individuals who are immunodeficient or immunosuppressed due to disease or medical therapy; an active febrile illness; active untreated tuberculosis; or those who are pregnant or are planning to become pregnant within the next month.
- Due caution should be employed in administration of M-M-R®II to persons with: a history of febrile seizure or family history of febrile seizures; immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions to eggs; thrombocytopenia.
- Vaccination should be deferred in individuals with a family history of congenital or hereditary immunodeficiency until the individual’s immune status has been evaluated and the individual has been found to be immunocompetent.
- Immune globulins (IG) and other blood products should not be given concurrently with M-M-R®II. The ACIP has specific recommendations for intervals between administration of antibody-containing products and live virus vaccines.
- The following adverse reactions have been identified during clinical trials or reported during post-approval use of M-M-R®II or its components: fever, headache, dizziness, rash, injection-site reactions, febrile convulsions, anaphylaxis and anaphylactoid reactions, arthritis, thrombocytopenia, encephalitis and encephalopathy.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
- FOR SUBCUTANEOUS USE ONLY
- M-M-R®II vaccine can be administered concurrently with other live viral vaccines. If not given concurrently, M-M-R®II vaccine should be given one month before or one month after administration of other live viral vaccines to avoid potential for immune interference.